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Pinopsida (Conifera)

      The conifers, division Pinophyta, also known as division Coniferophyta or Coniferae, are one of over 9000 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. Pinophytes are gymnosperms. They are cone-bearing seed plants with vascular tissue; all extant conifers are woody plants, the great majority being trees with just a few being shrubs. Typical examples of conifers include cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauris, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews. The division contains approximately eight families, 68 genera, and 630 living species. Although the total number of species is relatively small, conifers are of immense ecological importance. They are the dominant plants over huge areas of land, most notably the boreal forests of the northern hemisphere, but also in similar cool climates in mountains further south. Boreal conifers have many winter time adaptations. The narrow conical shape of northern conifers, and their downward-drooping limbs help them shed snow. Many of them seasonally alter their biochemistry to make them more resistant to freezing, called "hardening". While tropical rainforests have more biodiversity and turnover, the immense conifer forests of the world represent the largest terrestrial carbon sink, i.e. where carbon is bound as organic compounds.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinopsida
Araucaria KP1192
Arthropitys p2616
Artisia approximata Budil, 2011 ZŠ558
Artisia approximata Budil, 2011Šimůnek a Libertín (2006), Pl. IV, fig. 4 (a), 5 (b) ZŠ105
Artisia approximata Budil, 2011Šimůnek a Libertín (2006), Pl. IV, fig. 3 ZŠ104
Artisia approximata Budil, 2011 ZŠ167
Artisia approximata Budil, 2011 ZŠ827
Artisia Budil, 2011 ZŠ817
Cardiocarpus emarginatum Bret WA173
Cardiocarpus ZŠ722
Cardiocarpus ZŠ875
Cardiocarpus WA195
Cardiocarpus ZŠ871
Cardiocarpus ZŠ744
CardiocarpusŠimůnek (2017), Pl. 4, fig. 5 ZŠ659
Cardiocarpus ZŠ660
Cardiocarpus ZŠ727
CardiocarpusŠimůnek et al. (2017), Pl. 5, fig. 6 ZŠ671
Cardiocarpus ZŠ737
Cardiocarpus ZŠ736

Virtual museum of the Czech Geological Survey, www.geology.cz, (C) Czech Geological Survey, 2011, v.0.99 [13.12.2011]